Paper 02 - one particular
Bob Dick (2001) Maslow revis(it)ed: Maslow's hierarchy of needs analyzed and reformulated. A discussion newspaper originally crafted in the 1980s, revised 1990, 1993. This kind of version 2001.
Maslow's hierarchy The nature of Maslow's pecking order From fact to reasoning Maslow's hierarchy as a taxonomy The acceptance of a macro-theory Internal/external dimension Conditional vs unconditional dimension The hierarchy explored additional The people versus events sizing Some further elements of similarity Two conflicting issues The general model two 5 a few 10 16 14 15 16 nineteen 20 twenty two 23
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Strong processes вЂ” papers
Fundamental almost all human being behaviour is usually an attempt to fulfill some human being need. An awareness of needs, of motives, therefore precedes an understanding of behaviour. In this document My spouse and i take one of the better known theories of human demands, that of Abraham Maslow (1970). I п¬Ѓrst subject that to a logical analysis that leads to some modification. Some of the ramifications of this will be then deemed. The п¬Ѓrst section brieп¬‚y describes the theory in its usual form.
Maslow postulates that under distinct conditions, diverse classes of needs go up to salience. The classes of requires are arranged hierarchically. The minimum unsatisп¬Ѓed level is the salient level: the exact level which orders our attention. But as soon as it becomes satisп¬Ѓed that ceases to get important. In the most common formulation the structure contains п¬Ѓve levels of demands. From top to lowest they are such as Figure 1: physiological, protection, belonging, worth, and self-actualisation. So in the event the physiological requirements are unsatisп¬Ѓed they are most crucial and attract most of someone's attention. But as they become satisп¬Ѓed they diminish into the qualifications. The next level, comprising the safety or security requirements, comes to the fore.
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self-actualisation esteem cultural security physiological
Fig. 1 Maslow's pecking order. The lower needs are most salient till satisfied, after which the next larger needs enter into play
The physiological level is usually deп¬Ѓned to cover such needs as those for food, garments and shield, and those connected with such bodily functions as sexual, elimination etc. A need for oxygen is definitely an instructive example. It is a need which can be most important when it is unsatisп¬Ѓed. We neglect it and take it for granted if it is not at risk. One of the impressive aspects of Maslow's theory is definitely the contradiction evident in its high and carrying on popularity, plus the almost complete absence of empirical support. Of several quite a few studies which have been conducted one or two provide a lot of measure of support. The remainder are either ambig or negative. Wahba and Bridwell (1976) summarise the research. They also recognize that the theory is " almost untestableвЂќ (p234). My spouse and i suspect that the popularity occurs for three reasons, which are likely to be affiliated to some extent. A primary reason may be the extensive gap which usually exists among experimental and practical mindset. Therefore many of the people who utilize the theory will not be in the habit of reading the experimental literature. Certainly, many of them might well regard it as unimportant to many areas of the functional world.
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Solid processes вЂ” papers
The second possible purpose is that the theory is without effort satisfying. This accords with people's experience that physical needs will be pressing when not met, nevertheless otherwise practically completely ignored. A third explanation may be found in the practical implications that can be drawn from the theory, and which again contract with experience. As people be mature (in the work power, for example) they do generally switch their attention by physiological to security needs, and then in turn to sociable and confidence needs. In the face of such an mind-boggling body of disconп¬Ѓrming data, however , one could by...
Sources: Adorno, Theodor W., Frenkel-Brunswik, Else, Levinson, Daniel M., and Sanford, Nevitt (1950) The authoritarian personality. New york city: Harper and Row. Alderfer, Clayton S. (1972) Living, relatedness and growth. Nyc: Free Press.